Early Muslim societies were characterized by a rich intellectual and literary tradition

Ismailimail

The first revelation to the Prophet was about knowledge and learning. The pursuit of knowledge is the central message of the Qur’an. The value placed on knowledge in the Qur’an became the foundation for the development of education among Muslims.

Sayings of Pythagoras, dated 13th-14th century Iraq or Syria representing an interaction between teacher and student as a traditional mode of transmission of knowledge and learning. (Image: Aga Khan Museum) Sayings of Pythagoras, dated 13th-14th century Iraq or Syria representing an interaction between teacher and student as a traditional mode of transmission of knowledge and learning. (Image: Aga Khan Museum)

As Islam spread outside the Arabian peninsula, the new Muslim rulers came into contact with people who had relatively sophisticated ideas about theology, medicine, astronomy, and mathematics, and the rulers incorporated these new ideas into their own way of looking at the world. A vast movement of translation and development took place in Baghdad in the eight and ninth centuries, where scholars of diverse ethnic and religious backgrounds worked together and achieved scientific advancements.

The classical Greek literature was translated…

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